This document specifies general safety and performance requirements for design and testing as well as sustainability considerations for non-sewered sanitation systems (NSSS). A NSSS, for the purposes of this document, is a prefabricated integrated treatment unit, comprising frontend (toilet facility) and backend (treatment facility) components that a) collects, conveys, and fully treats the specific input within the system, to allow for safe reuse or disposal of the generated solid, liquid, and gaseous output, and b) is not connected to a networked sewer or networked drainage systems. This document is applicable to sanitation systems that are either manufactured as one package, or manufactured as a set of prefabricated elements designed to be assembled in one location without further fabrication or modification that influences the system function. The plane or surface (e.g. flooring, concrete pad) upon which a fully assembled NSSS is situated is beyond the scope of this document. This document is not applicable to sanitation systems constructed in situ. This document also covers NSSS backend components that are designed to be integrated with one or more specified frontends. Although this document is primarily applicable to the development of sanitation systems that are not connected to water and electricity networks, it can also be applied to systems that can utilize water mains and/or electricity. This document defines the basic treatable input as primarily human excreta and gives options for extending the range of input substances. Requirements for the quality of the outputs from the sanitation system are given for solid and liquid discharges as well as odour, air, and noise emissions. It contains criteria for the safety, functionality, usability, reliability, and maintainability of the system, as well as its compatibility with environmental protection goals. This document does not encompass the following aspects: — guidelines for selection, installation, operation and maintenance, and management of sanitation systems; — transportation of treated output outside of the sanitation system (e.g. manual transport, transportation by truck or trunk pipes) for further processing, reuse, or disposal; — treatment processes taking place at another location separate from that of the frontend and backend components; — reuse and disposal of sanitation system output.
Chemical dispensing systems provide a means of mixing potable water with chemicals to provide the user with a chemical solution which is ready for use. The amount of dilution shall be fixed or adjustable. Devices covered by this standard are intended for stationary installations, mobile devices where the orientations are fixed, and hand-held devices. This standard applies to those devices classified as chemical dispensing systems and shall be protected by an air gap complying to ASME A112.1.3-2000 (R2015), an integral elastomer gap, or an Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker (AVB). If an AVB is used as its method of backflow protection, it must conform with ASSE 1001 or CSA B64.1.1.
This Standard is intended to provide minimum requirements for maintaining quality of liquid aqueous based heat transfer fluids over the life of the system and optimizing the life of system components in both residential and non-residential closed hydronic heating and cooling applications.
This Standard specifies a test method to determine roof drain systems performance by measuring flow rates based on the water head and the piping configurations specified in this Standard, for drains in sizes NPS‐2 to NPS‐6.
This Standard covers plastic plumbing fixtures and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance, testing, and markings.
This Standard covers terrazzo, concrete, composite stone, and natural stone plumbing fixtures and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance, testing, and markings of these fixtures.
This Standard covers lavatories and sinks made of glass and specifies test methods, performance requirements, and marking requirements.
This Standard covers aluminum and copper plumbing fixtures and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance, testing, and markings of these fixtures.
This Standard covers vacuum waste-collection systems intended to extract and transport water, condensate from refrigerators, sanitary waste, greywater, or grease and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance testing, and markings.
This Standard specifies test methods and markings for flexible water connectors with excess flow shut-off devices.
Scope: 1 Scope 1.1 General This standard provides a method for determining building code compliance for Spray‐applied Polyurethane Foam (SPF) used for insulation, roofing, and sealant applications, associated materials and building assemblies incorporating SPF and associated materials. It is intended to serve as the basis for evaluation reports that are prepared to assist building officials in determining when materials and assemblies meet the prescriptive requirements or intent of the building code. This standard includes:
(a) General building code requirements;
(b) Test methodology for special approval and alternative methods and assemblies for selected applications where building codes are not specific;
(c) Material physical property requirements;
(d) Test laboratory qualifications and requirements;
(e) Test report requirements;
(f) Requirements for third‐party quality control agencies and procedures;
(g) Certification requirements; and,
(h) Test sample preparation and witnessing.
This Standard specifies requirements for the design and installation of pre‐engineered solar water heating systems intended to be installed as stand‐alone systems or in conjunction with auxiliary water heaters, including component selection and sizing criteria.
This Standard specifies the procedures used to determine the energy production rating of solar heating collectors.
This Standard covers urinal and water closet partitions and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance testing, and markings. This standard shall not regulate field installed walls or doors used to provide privacy for water closets or urinals constructed in compliance with the building code.
This Standard covers solid waste containment interceptors intended for commercial and residential applications and specifies requirements for materials, physical characteristics, performance testing, and markings. Solid waste containment interceptors covered by this standard include trap interceptors and non‐trap interceptors of various configurations (see Figures 1 and 2). Examples of some, but not all, solid waste containment interceptor applications include dental offices, medical offices, laundry applications and testing laboratories.
1.1.1 This Standard covers press connections made with:
(a) copper or copper alloy fittings and Type K, L, and M copper tube;
(b) carbon steel fittings and Schedule 10 and 40 carbon steel pipe;
(c) stainless steel fittings and Schedule 5, 10, and 40 stainless steel pipe; or
(d) stainless steel fittings and stainless steel pipe complying with the dimensions specified in Table 1.
1.1.2 This Standard specifies requirements for materials, physical characteristics, performance testing, and markings.
1.1.3 Products covered by this standard include fittings, tube, and pipe with press connection ends combined with other types of connections (e.g., threaded, soldered, and push‐fit).
1.1.4 Carbon steel fittings and pipe covered by this standard are not intended to be used in potable water supply systems.
This standard covers plastic toilet seats (including toilet seat covers) and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance testing, and markings.
This Standard covers prefabricated plastic spa shells and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance testing, and markings.
Plastic Liners for Bathtubs and Shower Receptors
This Standard covers scale reduction devices intended for residential and similar water-heating applications and specifies general, material, structural integrity, and testing requirements.
This Standard covers prefabricated septic tanks made of concrete, fiber‐reinforced polyester (FRP), thermoplastic, or steel, intended for use in residential or commercial sewage disposal systems, and specifies design, material, performance testing, and marking requirements.
This Standard covers prefabricated gravity grease interceptors made of concrete, fiber‐reinforced polyester (FRP), thermoplastic, or steel and specifies requirements for design, materials, performance, testing, and markings.
This Standard covers rainwater harvesting tanks and specifies requirements for design, materials, manufacture, performance, testing, and markings.
This Standard covers flexible PVC hoses and tubing for use on pools, hot tubs, spas, and jetted bathtubs and specifies requirements for materials, physical characteristics, performance tests, and markings.
This Standard covers pre-pressurized water expansion tanks intended for use in potable and nonpotable water systems and specifies requirements for physical characteristics, performance testing, and markings.
This Standard covers ball valves in sizes NPS‐1/8 to NPS‐4, with minimum rated working pressures of 860 kPa (125 psi) at 23 ºC (73ºF), intended for use in water supply and distribution systems and specifies requirements for materials, physical characteristics, performance, testing, and markings.
This Standard covers alternate water source systems intended to process water from alternate water sources such as greywater, rainwater, stormwater, air conditioning condensate, and other non‐potable reuse applications not specifically listed, for use in subsurface and/or surface irrigation, cooling tower makeup and toilet/urinal flushing applications, or other similar reuse applications and specifies requirements for materials, physical characteristics, performance testing, and markings. This standard does not cover using blackwater as an alternate water source.
1.1.1 This standard covers devices for detection, monitoring or control of water supply and distribution systems in sizes DN 8 to DN 300 (NPS‐1/4 to NPS‐12) for commercial and residential applications and specifies requirements for materials, performance testing, environmental limitations, installation, and markings.
1.1.2 Devices for detection, monitoring or control of plumbing systems, hereinafter referred to as “devices”, covered by this standard govern plumbing systems through features such as:
Note: Several common terms are used to identify devices covered under this standard a few examples of such terms are Water Leak Detection Device, Automatic Water Leak Detection Device, Leak Detection and Control Device, Adaptive Plumbing System Monitoring and Control Device, and Electronic Plumbing Supply System Integrity and Protection Device.
IAPMO Standards are subject to periodic maintenance in accordance with the ANSI Essential Requirements: Due process requirements for American National Standards and the IAPMO PP-1 Policies and Procedures for Consensus Development of American National Standards. Suggestions for their improvement will be referred to the relevant IAPMO Standards Committee. To submit a proposal for change to a Standard, you may send the following information to the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, Attention Standards Department, at standards@IAPMOstandards.org and include “Proposal for change” in the subject line:
(a) standard designation (number);
(b) relevant section, table, or figure number, as applicable;
(c) wording of the proposed change, tracking the changes between the original and the proposed wording; and
(d) rationale for the change.